The Influence of Climate Litigation on Managing Climate Change Risks: The Pioneering Work of the Netherlands Courts
- Otto SpijkersEmail Otto Spijkers
This paper analyses the way in which the responsibility for managing climate change risks is addressed by the Dutch courts in the Urgenda and Shell cases. A foundation called Urgenda initiated proceedings against the State of the Netherlands; followed by Milieudefensie (Friends of the Earth Netherlands) initiating proceedings against Shell, a multinational oil corporation with, at the time, its headquarters still in the Netherlands. This paper looks at both these examples of climate litigation, with a focus on what the courts had to say about responsibilities for managing climate change risks.
- Published on 28 Nov 2022
- Peer Reviewed